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ENC Analysis: Algerian Post-Bouteflika Democratisation and EU Security Implications

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ENC Analysis: Algerian Post-Bouteflika Democratisation and EU Security Implications

The European Neighbourhood Council (ENC) released its new analysis entitled “Algerian Post – Bouteflika Democratisation and EU Security Implications.’’

The ENC Analysis is written by our Academic Council Member Dr. Ebtisam Hussein who is a tenure holder of Political Science at Cairo University and Associate Professor of Political Science at New Giza University in Egypt.

Nearly three years after the ouster, Algerian democratisation is still grappling with a compelling political reform process and major political challenges such as weakened opposition and the military’s role in civilian politics. Due to its potential negative implications for the EU’s security, it is crucial to examine these challenges preventing the prospect for the democratisation process in Algeria. In this publication, Dr. Hussein discusses the factors that led to the 2019 uprising and the current situation in Algeria while recommending that certain efforts should be examined towards promoting political reform.

The full analysis is available here.

 

ENC In-Depth Podcast Series: War in Ukraine – Episode 1

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ENC In-Depth Podcast Series

War in Ukraine – Views from the EU and its Wider Neighbourhood

Episode 1

Russia launched a full-scale attack from multiple directions on Ukraine on February 24, bombing major cities and prompting a mass exodus of refugees. In response, NATO deployed troops to member states in the region and the EU, US and allied countries introduced new sanctions, including the suspension of the broadcasting activities of major Russian state-owned outlets, airspace ban, restrictions on Russia’s central bank and expelling key banks off the main global payments system.

A series of prickly questions arise concerning…

  • …the way political parties, civil society and citizens across the EU respond to the crisis
  • …the socioeconomic consequences of the war for member states
  • …the future of the EU’s security and defence policy
  • …the repercussions for the EU’s wider neighbourhood
  • …Europe’s energy security
  • …Europe’s migration policy among other things!

This ENC in-depth discussion is part of a special podcast series with academics and experts dedicated to the War in Ukraine. The series will provide views and investigate the repercussions of the war across the EU, the UK, and wider Europe. In the first episode we are focusing on implications for Southern Europe, with views from Greece and Portugal.

The discussion was moderated by Andreas Marazis, ENC Head of Research for Eastern Europe & Central Asia, and features the comments and insights of ENC Academic Council Members Dr. Panagiota Manoli, Assistant Professor in Political Economy of International Relations at the Department of Political Science and International Relations at the University of Peloponnese and Dr. Raquel Freire, Researcher at the Centre for Social Studies and Professor of International Relations at the Faculty of Economics at the University of Coimbra.

You can listen the in-depth interview here:

A New Road Transport Cooperation Between Turkey and European Union: Expectations and Possibilities

By Events, Projects No Comments

A New Road Transport Cooperation Between Turkey and European Union: Expectations and Possibilities. A week of consultations, meetings, and roundtables in Brussels with the European Neighbourhood Council (ENC).

Between the 22nd and 25th of February, the ENC organized a series of consultations and dissemination with the European Parliament, DG Move, DG Trade, DG Near, TOBB, and Eurochambers for the release of our four new reports on EU-Turkey, EU-Polish, connectivity and transport relations. The project and reports consist of road transport representatives from Poland and Turkey, as well as academic and think-tank institutions. The timing came at a relevant moment, since the ongoing Russian-Ukrainian war – and new sanctions against Moscow – will deeply impact Eurasian road connectivity and the transportation sector for lorries in particular.

The official partners of the project and authors of the four reports include the European Neighbourhood Council (ENC – co ), the European Union and Global Research Association (ABKAD – lead), along with the International Transporters’ Association (UND – co ), and  Zrzeszenie Międzynarodowych Przewoźników Drogowych w Polsce (ZMPD – co). The four reports deal with a variety of relevant economic subjects and include detailed recommendations. They namely-include road transportation transit costs, inefficiencies/bottle-necks at the Bulgarian-Turkish border, the importance of renewing the EU-Turkey Customs Union, the serious problem of trade irritants and rule of law issues originating from Turkey, and a variety of unfair burdens which target the Turkish transport sector. Taking into account the likely deviation of some transport routes originating from China and Kazakhstan towards the southern/middle corridor instead, and thereby passing through Turkey, it is urgent and likely that the issues of Bulgarian-Turkish crossing-times, delays, administrative issues will further amplify. It is estimated that over one hundred thousand trucks may no longer be able to use the northern route, depending on the exact impact of sanctions and the war in Ukraine.

During Day 1 (22/02/2022) the ENC held a preparatory meeting with all Project partners in which the Project activities and reports were discussed in detail, including planning and scheduling.

During Day 2 (23/02/2022) the ENC organized a closed-door roundtable with all Partners, including also technical experts, policy-makers, and government representatives in order to present each report and discuss the details of transport policy, EU-Turkey Customs Union, impact assessments, connectivity strategy, and impact on road-transport, and looking at EU-Polish-Turkish economic relations in concrete figures. Speakers and authors included Aysegul Ketenci, EU Expert from UND, Dr. Nicola Contessi, ENC expert and Research Associate at York Centre for Asian Research, Anna Wieczorek and Tomasz Malyszko, main specialists in road transport from ZMPD, and Dr. Can Baydarol, the Vice President of ABKAD. Guests and other expert speakers included Alper Ozel, Chief Executive Chairman from UND, as well as Murat Kavalali from ABKAD and invited participants from the European Commission (DG TAXUD, DG MOVE, DG NEAR, DG TRADE), the European Parliament, think-tanks, missions, and delegations, as well as business associations. The roundtable was moderated by Samuel Doveri Vesterbye, ENC Managing Director.

A special networking lunch for participants was organized, in which participants and speakers had the opportunity to exchange views and continue discussing EU-Turkey economic relations, transport corridors, infrastructure connectivity, renewables, all in the context of the new geopolitical realities in Ukraine and Russia.

During the afternoon a press meeting was organized with journalists, in which each report author had the opportunity to explain the reports in detail and take questions and answers from journalists dealing with transport and connectivity.

During Day 3 (24/02/2022) the ENC recorded two separate podcasts, one with the expert authors from the reports, in which road transportation and EU-Turkey customs union were discussed, and a second podcast with Dr. Niclas Poitiers who is a Research Fellow and specialist in trade, macroeconomics, and EU foreign economic policy at the leading economic think tank Bruegel. The conversation between ENC Managing Director Samuel Doveri Vesterbye and Dr. Poitiers focused on the increasing importance of a renewed EU-Turkey Customs Union and the importance of a more transparent, open, and rules-based Turkey, in which rule of law can support a stable lira, investor confidence and increased EU-Turkey economic relations. The podcast also included detailed exchanges about the number of investments, companies, and economic relations which exist between EU companies, namely in Germany, and their counterparts in Turkey, while the discussion about debt, spending, and interest rates was also touched upon.

Both podcasts will be available and distributed via ENC in the upcoming weeks.

During Day 3 (24/02/2022) the ENC also organized a roundtable meeting and visit the European Parliament, in order to meet parts of the Polish Delegation, who have worked on the Mobility Package and were interested in meeting with the Polish transport organizations, as well as with other relevant stakeholders. The event was organized and hosted by the ENC in cooperation with Ipek Tekdemir, while Samuel Doveri Vesterbye co-moderated the roundtable. Discussion points surrounded Customs Union reform, Polish truck-sector concerns, Turkish truck-sector concerns, the impact of sanctions on the transport sectors, and the importance of connectivity and support for transportation, including details regarding the Mobility Package.

During Day 4 (25/02/2022) the ENC organized private meetings with Eurochambres, TOBB, and IKV. During these meetings, both the Polish and Turkish representatives were given the opportunity to discuss and exchange technical information, including recommendations from the reports, to the representatives from Europe’s leading association of European Chambers of Commerce and Industry, representing over 20 million businesses in Europe. The meeting also included concluding and contextual remarks from ENC Managing Director Samuel Doveri Vesterbye about how the EU-Turkish political relationship is impacting the technical, business, and economic relationship, notably in terms of transport, connectivity, and trade. After the meeting with Eurochambres, another meeting was led by Evren Bingol from UND with members of the ‘Green Corridor Network’.

Beyond Erasmus Phase II – Networking Fellowship in Brussels

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Beyond Erasmus: Education, Exchanges and Employment opportunities for youth in the EU and Turkey (Phase II)

Meet the Beyond Erasmus ‘dream team’: Cem, Sinan, Cagla, Ecenur, Mathilde, Katharina, and Selen made it to Brussels. During the week of 7-11 February 2022, the European Neighbourhood Council (ENC) with the support of the Friedrich Naumann Foundation (FNF) office in Turkey hosted, for the first time since the COVID-19 pandemic erupted in 2020, the seven finalists from Turkey, Germany, and France. The networking fellowship trip in Brussels is part of the “Beyond Erasmus: Education, Exchanges and Employment opportunities for youth in the EU and Turkey”.

Against restrictions and fear of COVID-19 infection, our student-fellows had the opportunity to meet with diverse people, like the liberal VP of the Renew Europe party, MEP Ilhan Kyuchyuk, MP from Brussels citizen’s assembly, Pepijn Kennis,  senior European Commission officer Bernard Brunet (DG NEAR), to name but a few. The group also had the chance to exchange ideas and engage with cultural institutions (EUNIC), journalists, entrepreneurs and representatives from the Motion Picture Association.

Informal networking lunches and dinners provided an alternative venue for in-depth and genuine exchanges, including planning for the next phase of the project, bonding with their trainers, and more importantly with one another.

The third and final phase of the Beyond Erasmus program will conclude with the delivery of three lectures which will take place during March-April 2022 in Adana, Eskisehir, and Samsun in cooperation with local public academic institutions. Stay tuned with ENC to find out more about the upcoming activities of our Beyond Erasmus project.

ENC In-Depth Podcast – Armenia and Turkey: Unpacking Negotiation Strategies and Political Conjunctures

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ENC In-Depth Podcast – Armenia And Turkey: Unpacking Negotiation Strategies And Political Conjunctures

This ENC In-Depth podcast is dedicated to the recently published ENC Analysis: “Armenia And Turkey: Unpacking Negotiation Strategies And Political Conjunctures” by our Academic Council Member Dr. Vahram Ter-Matevosyan. In his recent article, Dr. Ter-Matevosyan provides a short analysis of how the 2020 Nagorno Karabakh war between Armenia and Azerbaijan has shaken the Armenian internal political landscape. The author also examines the present relations between Armenia and Turkey, with the latter being a firm supporter of Azerbaijan during the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war, the recent attempts by the two sides to appoint diplomatic envoys in order to normalize bilateral relations, and the Armenian government’s handling of the fragile situation.

The discussion was moderated by Andreas Marazis, ENC Head of Research for Eastern Europe & Central Asia, and features the comments and insights of ENC Academic Council Member Dr. Vahram Ter-Matevosyan who is Associate Professor and Chair of Political Science and International Affairs Program at the American University of Armenia.

You can listen and watch the in-depth interview here:

 

ENC Analysis: Armenia and Turkey – Unpacking Negotiation Strategies and Political Conjunctures

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ENC Analysis: Armenia and Turkey – Unpacking Negotiation Strategies and Political Conjunctures

The European Neighbourhood Council (ENC) released its new analysis entitled “Armenia And Turkey: Unpacking Negotiation Strategies And Political Conjunctures”.

The ENC Analysis is written by our academic council member Dr. Vahram Ter-Matevosyan who is Associate Professor and Chair of Political Science and International Affairs Program at the American University of Armenia.

The Armenian internal political landscape, security foundations, and relations with neighbouring and third-party countries have changed in the aftermath of the 2020 Nagorno Karabakh war between Armenia and Azerbaijan. In this publication, Dr. Ter-Matevosyan analyzes the current relations between Armenia and Turkey, with the latter being a staunch supporter of Azerbaijan during the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war, recent efforts by the two sides to appoint diplomatic envoys in order to normalize bilateral relations, and the Armenian government’s handling of the delicate situation.

The full analysis is available here.

Press Release: The European Union will help rural youth strengthen digital skills and be resilient to new challenges

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The European Union will help rural youth strengthen digital skills

and be resilient to new challenges

The project “Promoting Equal Economic Opportunities and Resilience of Youth” in the Kyrgyz Republic (Sanarip Insan (Digital Citizen) was launched with the financial support of the European Union.

The aim of the project is to provide knowledge of the work of the digital and green economy to young people and women living in rural regions of the Kyrgyz Republic. This project provides for holding information events to increase the level of digital literacy in cooperation with the media and social networks, adapting and developing educational and methodological materials with representatives of the education sector, as well as conducting joint initiatives with representatives of the digital economy and government agencies to train young people to work in digital platforms in the e-government, e-commerce and digital economy sectors.

Within the framework of the project, the involved representatives of youth and women will receive the necessary knowledge and skills to successfully start their activities on Kyrgyz and international digital platforms, digital wallets, marketplaces, and will receive advanced IT enabled entrepreneurial skills. As a result of passing the training, representatives of youth and women will be able to receive funding for the implementation of their IT start-ups.

The final result of the project is to improve the indicators of youth protection according to the Sustainable Development Goals and the protection of human rights.

The project is implemented by the European Neighbourhood Council (ENC) together with the Public Association “Internet Society Kyrgyzstan Chapter” with the support of the European Union Delegation in the Kyrgyz Republic. The duration of the project is 30 months.

Additional information about the project can be obtained: by phone +996 (755) 330335 and by e-mail: isockyrgyzchapter@gmail.com or by phone +32 (0) 26465139 and by e-mail: media@encouncil.org.

‘This website was created and maintained with the financial support of the European Union. Its contents are the sole responsibility of European Neighbourhood Council (ENC) / Public Association “Internet Society Kyrgyzstan Chapter” and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union’.

To read the project fact sheet click here and pусская версия пресс-релиза по этой ссылке. Басма сөз үчүн билдирүү кийинки шилтеме менен кыргыз тилинде жеткиликтүү.



Delegation of the European Union to the Kyrgyz Republic
21 Erkindik Boulevard, Business Centre Orion, 5th floor
Bishkek, 720040, Kyrgyz Republic

Telephone: +996 312 26 10 00
Fax: +996 312 26 10 07

E-mail: delegation-kyrgyzstan@eeas.europa.eu
Website: http://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/kyrgyzstan
Facebook:http://www.facebook.com/eudelkg

The European Union is made up of 27 Member States who have decided to gradually link together their know-how, resources, and destinies. Together, during a period of enlargement of 60 years, they have built a zone of stability, democracy, and sustainable development whilst maintaining cultural diversity, tolerance, and individual freedoms. The European Union is committed to sharing its achievements and its values with countries and peoples beyond its borders.

 

ENC Analysis: The Eastern Partnership beyond Summitry

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ENC Analysis: The Eastern Partnership beyond Summitry

The European Neighbourhood Council (ENC) released its new analysis on “The Eastern Partnership beyond Summitry”.

This article is written by our academic council member Dr. Panagiota Manoli who is an Assistant Professor in Political Economy of International Relations at the Department of Political Science and International Relations, University of Peloponnese.

In this ENC Analysis, Dr. Manoli discusses the EaP’s implementation during periods of protracted volatility, putting a focus on the progress marked and its key drivers. The paper also contributes to the discussion of the direction that the EaP policy should take in light of a worsening regional security complex.

The full analysis is available here.